Section 24.4 Rounded Binary
In a rounded binary form, the material at the beginning of the first section returns, often shortened, after a contrasting phrase at the beginning of the second section. A generic phrase diagram of rounded binary form is shown below.
Below is an example of a rounded binary form.
Because both the first section (the A section) and second section (the B section) repeat in the example above, this form would be called “two-reprise continuous rounded binary form.”
Another example of a rounded binary form is below.
This form of the example above would be called “two-reprise continuous rounded binary form” because:
“Two-reprise” means both the first and second sections repeat
“Continuous” means the first section does not end on the tonic chord
In a rounded binary form the opening melody returns after contrasting material
Rounded binary form is often encountered in compositions during the Classical era (1750–1825) in music by Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven, especially as the form of a theme from a theme and variations, and as the minuet and/or trio section in a Minuet and Trio.