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Index Index

3–2 clave, Paragraph
8ve, Paragraph
accidentals, Paragraph
afterbeats, Paragraph
alto clef, Paragraph
Amazing Grace, Figure
definition of, Paragraph
antecedent group, Paragraph
augmentation, Paragraph
augmented intervals, Paragraph
augmented sixth chord types
French augmented sixth chord, Paragraph
German augmented sixth chord, Paragraph
Italian augmented sixth chord, Paragraph
augmented sixth chords, Paragraph
authentic cadence
definition of, Item
musical examples, Subsection
Bach, J.S.
Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F Major, BWV 1047, I., Figure
Chorale 103, “Nun ruhen alle Wälder”, BWV 392, Figure
Chorale 106, “Jesu Leiden, Pein und Tod”, BWV 245, Figure
Chorale 153, “Alle Menschen müssen sterben”, BWV 262, Figure
Chorale 204, “Wer weiß, wie nahe mir”, BWV 166, Figure
Chorale 237, “Gott lebel noch”, BWV 320, Figure
Chorale 323, “Allein Gott in der Höh' sei Erh'”, BWV 104, Figure
Chorale 323, “Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern”, BWV 172, Figure
Chorale 328, “Liebster Jesu, wir sind hier,” BWV 373, Figure
Chorale 342, “Lobt Gott, ihr Christen, allzugleich”, BWV 376, Figure
Chorale 4, “Es ist das Heil uns kommen her”, Figure
Chorale 8, “Freuet euch, ihr Christen”, BWV 40, Figure
English Suite No 3 in G minor, BWV 808
Gavotte I., Figure
English Suite No. 4 in F Major, BWV 809, Sarabande, Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure
French Suite No. 1 in D Minor, BWV 812, Sarabande, Figure Figure
Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben BWV 147, X. “Jesus bleibet Freude” (“Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring”), Figure
Invention No. 1 in C Major, BWV 772, Figure Figure Figure Figure
Invention No. 8 in F major, BWV 779, Section
Mass in B minor, BWV 232, Crucifixus, Figure
Well–Tempered Clavier, Book I
Prelude 1 in C major, Figure
Well–Tempered Clavier, Book I, Prelude 1 in C major, Figure
Barber, Samuel
Adagio for Strings, Figure Figure
bass clef, Paragraph
beat, Paragraph
beats per minute, Paragraph
32 Variations in C minor, WoO 80, Figure
Bagatelle in A minor, WoO 59, “Für Elise”
period form, Figure
Eleven Bagatelles, Op. 119, No. 9, Figure
Minuet in G, WoO 10, No. 2, Figure
Moonlight Sonata, Op. 27, No. 2, I, Figure Figure
Moonlight Sonata, Op. 27, No. 2, III
Terminative function in Closing Theme, Figure
Pathétique Sonata, Op. 13, I, Figure
Pathétique Sonata, Op. 13, I, closing theme, Figure
Pathétique Sonata, Op. 13, I, Introduction, Figure
Pathétique Sonata, Op. 13, II, Figure
Pathétique Sonata, Op. 13, III, Figure
Piano Sonata in C minor, Op. 13, (Pathétique), II, Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 10, No. 1, II (double period), Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 110, I, Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 2, No. 1, I
sentence structure in, Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 2, No. 1, III., Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 2, No. 1, IV, Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 2, No. 3, I., Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 53, I, Figure
Piano Sonata Op. 53, I (repeated period), Figure
Sonatina in F, Anh. 5 No. 2, II. Rondo (phrase chain), Figure
Symphony No. 1, Op. 21, I, Figure
Symphony No. 2, Op. 36, I., Figure
Symphony No. 5, Op. 67, I, Figure
Symphony No. 5, Op. 67, I. (opening), Figure
Symphony No. 5, Op. 67, II, Figure Figure Figure
Symphony No. 7, Op. 92, I, Figure
balanced, Paragraph
rounded, Paragraph
simple, Paragraph
binary principle, Paragraph
Carmen, Habanera (“L'amour est un oiseau rebelle”), Figure
Bo Diddley beat, Paragraph
borrowed chords
definition of, Paragraph
bpm, Paragraph
Fünf Lieder, Op. 49
“Wiegenlied”, Figure
Symphony No. 3 in F major, Op. 90, III. Poco Allegretto, Figure
authentic, Item
deceptive, Item
definition of, Paragraph
half, Item
plagal, Item
cadential six–four (cadential \(\left.\text{}^{6}_{4}\right.\)), Paragraph
Nocturne in E–flat major, Op. 9, No. 2, Figure
Prelude Op. 28, No. 20, in C minor, Figure
Waltz in A–flat major, Op. 34 No. 1, Figure
chord, Paragraph
chromatic mediants, Paragraph
circle of fifths, Paragraph
circle of fifths (harmonic progression)
diagram, Figure
example (Bach), Figure
example (Fly Me to the Moon), Figure
example (Handel), Figure
example (I Love You Like a Love Song), Figure
example (I Will Survive), Figure
example (Mozart), Figure
example (Wagner), Figure
circle of fifths (major key signatures)
diagram, Figure
circle of fifths (minor key signatures)
diagram, Figure
clef, Paragraph
closely related keys
definition of, Paragraph
Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean, Item
common–tone modulation, Paragraph
compound meter, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
consequent group, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
contrasting period, Paragraph
contrasting verse–chorus form, Paragraph
5 Pièces de Clavecin, 4. Le Petit–Rien (Ordre XIV, 8) (phrase group), Figure
Davis, Miles
“Tune-Up”, Figure
deceptive cadence
definition of, Item
musical examples, Subsection Subsection
developmental function
definition of, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
diatonic common chord modulation, Paragraph
diminished intervals, Paragraph
diminution, Paragraph
direct modulation, Paragraph
distantly related keys, Paragraph
dot, Paragraph
double flat, Item
double period
definition of, Paragraph
double sharp, Item
Duke Ellington
“It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)”, Figure
duplet, Paragraph
durational symbols, Figure
Ellington, Duke
“Take the ‘A’ Train”, Figure
enharmonic, Paragraph
enharmonic modulation, Paragraph
expository function
definition of, Paragraph
figured bass
chromatic alterations to, Figure
definition of, Paragraph
first inversion, Paragraph
flat, Item
foreign keys, Paragraph
fragment, Paragraph
Giacchino, Michael
Star Trek, “End Credits”, Figure
Caro mio ben, Figure
Glass, Philip
Metamorphosis Two, Figure
grand staff, Paragraph
Gretchaninoff, Alexander
Children’s Book, Op.98
No. 13 “After the Ball”, Figure
half cadence
definition of, Item
Gavotte, HWV 491, Figure
Recorder Sonata in A minor, HWV 362, I. Larghetto, Figure
Rinaldo, “Lascia ch'io pianga”, Figure
Suite in G minor, Passacaglia, Figure
Suite No. 2 in D Major, HWV 349: II, Figure
Xerxes, “Ombra mai fu”, Figure
harmonic flowchart
in major, Figure
in minor, Figure
harmonic function
definition of, Paragraph
harmonic rhythm
definition of, Paragraph
harmonic sequence, Paragraph
harmony, Paragraph
Piano Sonata in C major, Hob. XVI:35, I., Figure
Piano Sonata in F Major, Hob. XVI:9 , III
period form, Figure
Sonata No. 48 in C Major, Hob. XVI: 35, III, Figure
Symphony No.94 in G major, Hob.I:94, II, Figure
The Planets, “Uranus”, Figure
imperfect authentic cadence
definition of, Paragraph
incomplete chords, Paragraph
intervallic change, Paragraph
augmented, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
diminished, Paragraph
harmonic, Paragraph
how to identify, Paragraph
how to write, Paragraph
inversion of, Paragraph
major, Paragraph
melodic, Paragraph
minor, Paragraph
perfect, Paragraph
inversion, Paragraph
inverted chord, Paragraph
inverted triad, Paragraph
John Coltrane
“Mr. P.C.”, Figure
key change, Paragraph
key signature, Paragraph
Sonatina in C Major, Op. 55, No. 1, I, Figure
lead–sheet symbols, Paragraph
ledger lines, Paragraph
Ligeti, György
Trio for Violin, Horn, and Piano, II, Figure
Loesser, Frank
Hans Christian Andersen, “Inchworm”, Figure
M.M. (Maelzel's Metronome), Paragraph
Maelzel's Metronome, Paragraph
Mancini, Henry
“The Pink Panther Theme”, Figure
melodic bass six–four, Item
meter, Paragraph
compound, Paragraph
duple, Paragraph
quadruple, Paragraph
simple, Paragraph
triple, Paragraph
middle \(\text{C}\), Paragraph
parallel, Paragraph
relative, Paragraph
mode mixture
definition of, Paragraph
borrowed common chord, Paragraph
common–tone, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
diatonic common chord, Paragraph
direct, Paragraph
enharmonic pivot chord, Paragraph
Neapolitan common chord, Paragraph
secondary common chord, Paragraph
sequential, Paragraph
Monk, Thelonious
“Blue Monk”, Figure
definition of, Paragraph
Mozart, W.A.
Andante in E–flat major, K. 15mm, Figure
Ave verum corpus, K. 618, Figure
Don Giovanni, K. 527, “Mi tradi quell'alma ingrata”, Figure
Eine kleine Nachtmusik, K. 525, I., Figure
Eine kleine Nachtmusik, K. 525, I. (elision), Figure
Eine kleine Nachtmusik, K. 525, II., Paragraph
Marriage of Figaro, “Voi che sapete”, Figure
Oboe Concerto in C major, K. 314, III., Figure
Piano Sonata in C Major, K. 545, II, Figure
Piano Sonata in D major, K. 284, III., Figure
Piano Sonata K. 279, III, Figure
Piano Sonata K. 283, I., Figure
Piano Sonata K. 310, I, Figure
Piano Sonata K. 331, I, Figure Figure
antecendent and consequent in, Figure
period form, Figure Figure
sentence structure in, Figure
Piano Sonata K. 333, I, Figure Figure
Piano Sonata K. 545, I, Figure
Piano Sonata K. 545, I., primary theme, Item
Piano Sonata K. 545, I., secondary theme, Figure
Piano Sonata K. 545, II, Figure
Piano Sonata, K. 284, I, Figure
Piano Sonata, K. 333, I, Figure
sentence structure in, Figure
String Quartet K. 428, IV, Figure
Symphony No. 40, K. 550, I.
harmonic function in primary theme, Figure
Symphony No. 40, K. 550, I. (opening melody), Figure
Symphony No. 40, K. 550, II, Figure
Symphony No. 40, K. 550, III, Figure
Symphony No. 41, K. 551, I.
Terminative function in Closing Theme, Figure
The Magic Flute, “Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen”, Figure
natural, Item
definition of, Paragraph
non–chord tones
definition of, Paragraph
octave, Paragraph
octave registers, Paragraph
offbeats, Paragraph
order of flats, Paragraph
order of sharps, Paragraph
ornamentation, Paragraph
parallel minor, Paragraph
parallel period, Paragraph
passing six–four, Item
pedal six–four, Item
Perfect Authentic Cadence, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
phrase chain
definition of, Paragraph
phrase group
definition of, Paragraph
pitch, Paragraph
plagal cadence
definition of, Item
musical examples, Paragraph
Gianni Schicchi, “O mio babbino caro”, Figure
pulse, Paragraph
Purcell, Henry
Dido and Aeneas, Z. 636
“When I am laid in earth” (Dido's Lament), Figure
quadruplet, Paragraph
quintuplet, Paragraph
Prelude in C–sharp minor, Op.3 No.2, Figure
Rebirth Brass Band
“Casanova”, Figure
relative minor, Paragraph
repeated period, Paragraph
retrograde, Paragraph
rhythmic change, Paragraph
rondo form, Paragraph
root, Paragraph
root position, Paragraph
William Tell Overture, Figure
scale degree names, Paragraph
20 Minuets, D. 41
No. 18 in F major, Figure
Piano Trio No. 1 in B–flat major, D. 898, I., Figure
Schwanegesang, D. 957
“Abschied”, Figure Figure
“Der Atlas”, Figure
“Frühlingssehnsucht”, Figure
“Kriegers Ahnung”, Figure
“Liebesbotschaft”, Figure
Winterreise, D. 911
“Der Wegweiser”, Figure
“Die Nebensonnen”, Figure
“Frühlingstraum”, Figure
“Gute Nacht”, Figure
Schumann, Clara
Op. 13, No. 2, “Sie liebten sich beide”, Figure
Schumann, Robert
Album for the Young, Op. 68, No. 16, “First Loss”, Figure
Album for the Young, Op. 68, No. 17, “Little Morning Wanderer”, Figure Figure
Dichterliebe, Op. 48
“Am leuchtenden Sommermorgen”, Figure
“Ich grolle nicht”, Figure
“Im wunderschönen Monat Mai”, Item
second inversion, Paragraph
second line drumming, Figure
secondary diminished chord, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
sentence structure
example of, Figure
definition of, Paragraph
sequential modulation, Paragraph
seventh chord
definition of, Paragraph
example of 5 types, Figure
sharp, Item
simple meter, Paragraph
simple verse–chorus form, Paragraph
slash chord, Paragraph
slur, Paragraph
sonata form, Paragraph
sonatina form, Paragraph
songs (popular)
“(Sittin’ On) The Dock of the Bay” (Otis Redding), Figure
“All About That Bass” (Meghan Trainor), Figure
“All I Do Is Win” (DJ Khaled), Figure
“All My Ex’s Live in Texas” (George Strait), Figure
“All of Me” (John Legend), Item Figure
“All the Things You Are”, Figure
“Another One Bites the Dust” (Queen), Figure
“Are You Gonna Be My Girl” (Jet), Figure
“As Time Goes By”, Figure
“As Time Goes By” (from the motion picture Casablanca), Figure
“Baby Love” (The Supremes), Figure
“Back in Black” (AC/DC), Figure
“Back in the New York Groove” (Ace Frehley), Figure
“Barbara Ann” (Beach Boys), Figure
“Barbie Girl” (Aqua), Figure
“Beautiful Day” (U2), Figure
“Beautiful” (Christina Aguilera), Figure
“Best of You” (Foo Fighters), Figure
“Beyond The Sea”, Figure
“Blackbird” (The Beatles), Figure
“Blue Moon”, Figure
“Born to Run” (Springsteen), Figure
“Call Me” (Blondie), Figure
“Clocks” (Coldplay), Figure
“Cold As Ice” (Foreigner), Figure
“Cold” (Maroon 5), Figure
“Colour My World” (Chicago), Figure
“Could You Be Loved” (Bob Marley), Item Figure
“Creep” (Radiohead), Figure
“Criminal” (Fiona Apple), Figure
“Day Tripper” (Beatles), Figure
“Dem Bow” (Shabba Ranks), Figure
“Desire” (U2), Figure Figure
“Despacito” (Luis Fonsi featuring Daddy Yankee), Figure
“Don't Know Why” (Norah Jones), Figure
“Don’t Stop Believin’” (Journey), Figure
“Don’t Stop” (Fleetwood Mac), Figure
“Don’t You (Forget About Me)” (Simple Minds), Figure Figure
“Downtown” (Macklemore and Ryan Lewis), Figure
“Dream On” (Aerosmith), Figure
“Earth Angel” (The Penguins), Item
“Edge of Glory” (Lady Gaga), Figure
“Eye of the Tiger” (Survivor), Figure
“Faith” (George Michael), Figure
“Fancy” (Iggy Azalea featuring Charli XCX), Figure
“Final Song” (MØ), Figure
“Flashdance... What A Feeling” (Irene Cara), Figure
“Fly Me to the Moon”, Figure
“Forget You” (CeeLo Green), Figure Figure
“Friend Like Me” (from Aladdin), Figure
“Friends in Low Places” (Garth Brooks), Figure
“Ghostbusters” (Ray Parker Jr.), Figure
“Girls Just Want to Have Fun” (Cyndi Lauper), Figure
“Greatest Love of All” (Whitney Houston), Figure
“Hard to Say I'm Sorry” (Chicago), Figure
“Haven’t Met You Yet” (Michael Buble), Figure
“Heart and Soul”, Item
“Heartbreaker” (Pat Benatar), Figure
“Hello” (Adele), Figure
“Hey Jude” (Beatles), Figure Figure
“Hold My Hand” (Jess Glynne), Figure
“Hotel California” (The Eagles), Figure
“I Got Rhythm” (Gershwin), Table
“I Want Candy” (The Strangeloves), Figure
“I Want to Hold Your Hand” (Beatles), Figure
“I Want You to Want Me” (Cheap Trick), Figure Figure Figure
“I Will Always Love You” (Whitney Houston), Item
“I Will Survive”, Figure
“I'll Be There For You” (The Rembrandts), Figure
“I'm Yours” (Jason Mraz), Figure
“If I Ain't Got You” (Alicia Keys), Figure
“Imagine” (John Lennon), Figure
“Immigrant Song” (Led Zeppelin), Figure
“Interstate Love Song” (Stone Temple Pilots), Figure
“Irreplaceable” (Beyoncé), Figure
“It's the Hard Knock Life” (from Annie), Figure
“I’m Every Woman” (Chaka Khan), Figure
“I’m Not In Love” (10cc), Figure
“Jar of Hearts” (Christina Perri), Figure
“Johnny B. Goode” (Chuck Berry), Table
“Joy to the World” (Three Dog Night), Figure
“Just Give Me a Reason” (Pink), Figure
“Just the Way You Are” (Billy Joel), Figure
“Let's Get It On” (Marvin Gaye), Figure
“Lithium” (Nirvana), Figure
“Little Brown Jug” (Glenn Miller), Figure
“Livin' on a Prayer” (Bon Jovi), Figure
“Love on the Brain” (Rihanna), Figure
“Love on Top” (Beyoncé), Figure
“Love Song” (Sara Bareilles), Figure Figure
“Love You Like A Love Song”, Figure
“Love Yourself” (Justin Bieber), Figure Figure
“Maneater” (Hall and Oates), Figure
“My Girl” (The Temptations), Figure
“My Heart Will Go On” (from Titanic), Figure Figure Figure
“Never” (Heart), Figure
“New York, New York” (Liza Minnelli), Figure
“No Scrubs” (TLC), Item Figure
“One Dance” (Drake), Figure
“One Day I'll Fly Away”, Figure
“O–o–h Child” (The Five Stairsteps), Figure
“Part of Your World” (from The Little Mermaid), Figure
“Party Rock Anthem” (LMFAO), Figure Figure
“Penny Lane” (Beatles), Item
“Pipeline” (The Chantays), Figure
“Pompeii” (Bastille), Figure
“Pretty Thing” (Bo Diddley), Figure
“Problem” (Ariana Grande), Figure
“Push It” (Salt-n-Pepa), Figure
“Raise Your Glass” (Pink), Figure
“Rapper's Delight” (The Sugarhill Gang), Figure
“Red Red Wine” (UB40), Figure
“Reelin’ in the Years” (Steely Dan), Figure
“Rock ‘n’ Roll High School” (The Ramones), Item
“Rolling In The Deep” (Adele), Figure
“Roxanne” (The Police), Figure
“Rude” (by MAGIC!), Figure Figure Figure
“Saturday in the Park” (Chicago), Figure
“Say You Won't Let Go” (James Arthur), Figure
“Secrets” (One Republic), Figure
“See You Again (Wiz Khalifa ft. Charlie Puth)”, Figure
“See You Again” (Wiz Khalifa ft. Charlie Puth), Figure
“September” (Earth, Wind, and Fire), Figure
“Shape of You” (Ed Sheeran), Figure
“She's Got a Way” (Billy Joel), Figure
“She's Out of My Life” (Michael Jackson), Item
“Silly Love Songs” (Wings), Figure
“Sir Duke” (Stevie Wonder), Figure
“Smells Like Teen Spirit” (Nirvana), Table
“Smoke on the Water” (Deep Purple), Figure
“Some Nights” (fun.), Figure
“Someday My Prince Will Come”, Paragraph
“Someone Like You” (Adele), Figure Figure
“Sorry” (Justin Bieber), Figure
“Stairway to Heaven” (Led Zeppelin), Figure Figure
“Star Dust” (Hoagy Carmichael), Table
“Starships” (Nicki Minaj), Figure
“Stop! In the Name of Love” (The Supremes), Item
“Stranger in Paradise”, Figure
“Superfreak” (Rick James), Figure
“Take Me to Church” (Hozier), Figure
“Take the ‘A’ Train”, Figure
“That's What I Like” (Bruno Mars), Figure
“The Very Thought of You”, Figure Figure
“Thinking Out Loud” (Ed Sheeran), Figure Figure
“Tik Tok” (Kesha), Figure Figure
“Toxic” (Britney Spears), Figure
“Treat You Better” (Shawn Mendes), Figure
“True Colors” (Cyndi Lauper), Figure
“Umbrella” (Rihanna), Figure
“Under Pressure” (Queen and David Bowie), Figure
“Underneath It All” (No Doubt), Figure
“Walk This Way” (Aerosmith), Figure
“Walking On Sunshine” (Katrina and the Waves), Figure
“Walking on the Moon” (The Police), Figure
“Want to Want Me” (Jason Derulo), Figure
“Warriors” (Too Many Zooz), Figure
“We Are the Champions” (Queen), Figure
“We Are The World”, Table
“We Are Young” (fun.), Figure
“When I Fall In Love”, Paragraph
“While My Guitar Gently Weeps” (The Beatles), Figure
“White Christmas”, Paragraph
“Why Do Fools Fall in Love”, Figure
“Yesterday” (The Beatles), Figure Figure
“You Can't Hurry Love” (The Supremes), Figure
“You Know You Like It” (Aluna George, DJ Snake Remix), Figure
“You Really Got Me” (The Kinks), Figure
spacing error, Paragraph
staff, Paragraph
Star–Spangled Banner, Figure Figure Figure
musical example, Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure
Strauss, Richard
Also Sprach Zarathustra, Op.30, Figure Figure
subtonic triad
definition of, Paragraph
in popular music in the major mode, Paragraph
tonicization of, Paragraph
sus2 chord, Paragraph
sus4 chord, Paragraph
sus9 chord, Paragraph
syncopation, Paragraph
The Nutcracker
“Miniature Overture”, Figure Figure
“Waltz of the Flowers”, Figure Figure
tempo, Paragraph
tendency tones, Item
tenor clef, Paragraph
terminative function
definition of, Paragraph
ternary form, Paragraph
compound, Paragraph
tetrachord, Paragraph
texture, Paragraph
thoroughbass, seefigured bass
tie, Paragraph
time signature, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
transitional function
definition of, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
treble clef, Paragraph
augmented, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
diminished, Paragraph
inverted, Paragraph
major, Paragraph
minor, Paragraph
triplet, Paragraph
tuplet, Paragraph
duplet, Paragraph
quadruplet, Paragraph
quintuplet, Paragraph
triplet, Paragraph
definition of, Paragraph
unequal fifths
definition of, Paragraph
“Beer Barrel Polka”, Figure
Rigoletto, “La donna è mobile”, Figure Figure
Verse–Chorus form, Paragraph
Concerto for Two Violins and Cello in D minor, RV 565, V., Figure
voice leading
definition of, Paragraph
Wagner, Richard
Das Rheingold, Scene 3, Figure
Die Meistersinger, Act II, Scene 6, Figure
Tristan und Isolde, Prelude to Act I, Figure
Williams, John
Harry Potter and the Sorceror's Stone, “The Face of Voldemort”, Figure
Raiders of the Lost Ark, “Raiders March”, Figure
Star Wars: Return of the Jedi, “Main Title (The Story Continues)”, Figure
Zimmer, Hans and Antonius Tom Holkenborg
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, “The Red Capes are Coming”, Figure