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Section 32.2 Pandiatonicism

Pandiatonicism refers to the use of all diatonic notes without the need for scale degrees or harmonies to progress or function tonally (V doesn’t need to progress to I, \(\hat{7}\) doesn’t need to resolve to \(\hat{8}\) , etc.). One often hears it as a wash of notes from the major scale, or as chords made of non–traditional combinations of notes from a major scale, often with at least one interval of a 2nd in a chord voicing.

In the first example, notice how Stravinsky creates a wash of sound from the notes of the major scale.

Figure 32.2.1 Stravinsky, Petrushka, Fourth Tableau: The Shrovetide Fair (Toward Evening)

In the second example, Copland uses non–traditional pandiatonic chord shapes in non–functional harmonic progression.

Figure 32.2.2 Copland, Appalachian Spring

The third example is similar to the first, with Copland creating a wash of sound from the notes of the major scale, with no regard to the dissonant intervals occurring in counterpoint.

Figure 32.2.3 Copland, Appalachian Spring